With 60% of emissions in Oslo coming from the transport sector, encouraging the uptake of electric vehicles is a major part of its CO2 reduction strategy.
In 2008, Oslo adopted a ten-point plan to reduce CO2 emissions in the city, in which the large scale introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) plays a large part. The targets set out plans for a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, with the ultimate goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2050.
To kick start the uptake of EVs, Oslo began by installing 400 free charging points and reserved parking across the city. As well as being convenient for users, the charging points help raise visibility among residents about EVs.
Oslo then decided that all municipal vehicles should be emissions free by 2015, boosting this with €6.1 million in interest-free loans for agencies to use when replacing vehicles.
A number of further incentives now exist to promote the use of EVs in Oslo, including provisions for EV drivers to use bus lanes, reserved parking, and free use of toll roads. These are a mixture of local and national level initiatives which have helped to nearly double the sales of EVs and increase those on the road in Oslo by over 2,000.
In 2014, 20% of all cars told in Oslo were EVs, and the number of charging points is being increased to accommodate the growing demand.
Discover more about Oslo’s vision of becoming the electric vehicle capital of the world in our ‘cities in action’ case study, available here.
This project is part of a series we are promoting in order to give visibility to urban solutions as part of a global climate deal expected to be reached at COP 21 in Paris.